Aeonium arboreum (Tree Aeonium)

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Aeonium arboreum, commonly known as the tree aeonium, is an evergreen succulent plant that belongs to the Crassulaceae family. With its thick woody stems, large rosettes, and striking yellow flowers, this succulent has captured the hearts of gardeners worldwide.

Botanical Name
Aeonium arboreum
Plant Type
Succulent, small shrub
Up to 1 meter (3.3 feet) in both height and width
Distinctive rosettes of thick, fleshy leaves
Subtropical, thriving in warm climates
Sun Exposure
Full sun to partial shade
Soil Requirements
Well-draining, porous sandy soil
Hardiness Zones
USDA zones 9 through 11
Flower Color
Bright yellow
Foliage Color
Usually light to dark green, with potential red margins
Season Features
Large pyramidal panicles of yellow flowers in spring
Special Features
Drought-tolerant, low maintenance
Distribution and Habitat
Endemic to the western Canary Islands
Non-toxic to humans and pets
  • Forms multi-stemmed shrubs with nearly smooth stems.
  • The leaves are fleshy, glossy green, and arranged in flattened rosettes.
  • Leaf margins are adorned with curved cilia. When exposed to full sun, the leaf margins may develop red hues.
  • Stem cuttings are the preferred method for propagating Aeonium arboreum. Place the cuttings in a small pot with a sterile potting mix for successful growth.
  • Aeonium arboreum is a favorite in gardens and landscapes due to its striking appearance, widely used in floral displays and as a potted plant during the holiday season.
  • Native to the Canary Islands, Aeonium arboreum thrives in hot, dry summers and warm winters.
  • Unfortunately, Aeonium arboreum has become an invasive weed in some regions, including temperate southern Australia.
  • While not highly toxic, the milky sap can cause mild symptoms.
  • Pest and disease problems are relatively rare but can include common succulent issues like mealybugs or fungal diseases.


Can Aeonium arboreum tolerate frost?

While Aeonium arboreum can withstand light frost for short periods, prolonged exposure to freezing temperatures can damage or kill the plant.

How often should I water my Aeonium arboreum?

Water Aeonium arboreum sparingly, allowing the soil to dry out between waterings. Overwatering can lead to root rot, especially during the plant’s dormancy period in summer.

Can Aeonium arboreum be grown indoors?

Yes, Aeonium arboreum can be grown indoors in containers with adequate sunlight and well-draining soil. It’s essential to provide sufficient airflow to prevent fungal diseases.

How do I encourage flowering in Aeonium arboreum?

Aeonium arboreum typically flowers in late winter or early spring. To encourage flowering, provide the plant with bright sunlight and maintain consistent watering during the growing season.

Is Aeonium arboreum suitable for xeriscaping?

Yes, Aeonium arboreum is well-suited for xeriscaping and drought-tolerant landscapes. Its low water requirements and striking appearance make it an excellent choice for water-wise gardening.

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