Aeonium Zwartkop (Black Rose)

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Aeonium ‘Zwartkop’, also known as the ‘Black Rose’, is a striking succulent with dark burgundy to almost black leaves. Originating from the Canary Islands, this plant is a member of the Crassulaceae family and thrives in sunny, dry climates. It’s known for its unique rosette pattern and can grow up to 3 feet tall. Aeonium ‘Zwartkop’ is perfect for adding contrast and drama to any garden or container arrangement.

Botanical Name
Aeonium arboreum ‘Zwartkop’
Plant Type
Evergreen succulent
Grows up to 3-4 feet (90-120 cm) tall
Large rosettes (6-8 inches across) of glossy, fleshy, dark burgundy leaves
Thrives in Mediterranean-like conditions
Sun Exposure
Prefers full sun to partial shade
Soil Requirements
Well-drained, sandy or loamy soil
Hardiness Zones
Suitable for zones 9-11
Flower Color
Bright golden racemes of small, star-shaped flowers in spring
Foliage Color
Dark burgundy, almost black
Season Features
Blooms in spring and early summer
Non-toxic to humans and pets
  • Aeonium Zwartkop forms large, bushy rosettes with deep purple leaves.
  • Full sun for dramatic black foliage, part shade results in reddish-purple rosettes with a green center.
  • Native to the Canary Islands and parts of Africa.
  • Deer-resistant, salt-tolerant, and virtually pest-free.
  • Propagate by seed sown at 66-75°F (19-24°C) in spring or by cuttings of rosettes kept at 64°F (18°C) until rooted.
  • Excellent for rock gardens, succulent gardens, and Mediterranean-style landscapes.
  • Perfect for creating stunning floral arrangements in containers.
  • Drought-tolerant but requires more regular watering than some other succulents.
  • Each rosette flowers once and then dies, but this process takes several years.


Is Aeonium Zwartkop suitable for containers?

Yes, Aeonium Zwartkop is well-suited for container gardening. Ensure the container has drainage holes and use a well-draining soil mix. Place the container in a location with bright, indirect sunlight, and water sparingly, allowing the soil to dry out between waterings.

How do I care for Aeonium Zwartkop during winter?

During winter, Aeonium Zwartkop enters a period of dormancy. Reduce watering to prevent root rot, as the plant’s water needs decrease during cooler months. Place it in a location with bright, indirect sunlight and protect it from frost or freezing temperatures, as prolonged exposure can damage the plant.

Can I grow Aeonium Zwartkop indoors?

Yes, Aeonium Zwartkop can be grown indoors, provided it receives adequate sunlight. Place it near a south-facing window where it can receive bright, indirect sunlight for several hours a day. Use a well-draining potting mix and water sparingly to prevent overwatering.

Does it attract bees?

While Aeonium Zwartkop produces small, inconspicuous yellow flowers during its blooming period, they are not known to attract bees significantly. However, bees may occasionally visit the flowers for nectar or pollen.

Is Aeonium Zwartkop salt-tolerant?

Aeonium Zwartkop can tolerate some salt exposure but may suffer damage if exposed to excessive salt levels in the soil or water. It’s best to avoid direct contact with salty irrigation water or salt-laden soil, as it can lead to leaf burn and other issues.

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