Allium ampeloprasum (Wild Leek)

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Allium ampeloprasum, commonly known as wild leek, broadleaf wild leek, or elephant garlic, belongs to the Amaryllidaceae family. This group of bulbous biennial flowering plants includes several cultivars and varieties, each with unique characteristics.

Botanical Name
Allium ampeloprasum
Plant Type
Biennial bulbous plant
Typically grows 2 to 3 feet tall (60 to 90 cm)
Forms a thick, fleshy cylinder of bundled leaf sheaths that are generally blanched by pushing soil around them
Prefers temperate climates
Sun Exposure
Full sun
Soil Requirements
Well-drained, fertile soil with a preference for sandy soil types
Hardiness Zones
USDA zones 3 through 9
Flower Color
Varies from purple, white to pink
Foliage Color
Blue-green to yellow-green leaves
Season Features
Blooms during the second year
Special Features
Edible parts include stems, bulbs, and young leaves
  • Native to Southern Europe, northern Africa, western Asia, and Egypt, cultivated and naturalized in many countries
  • Non-toxic to humans. All parts are edible but should be consumed in moderation.
  • Bulbous, with elongated leaves and a single flowering stalk.
  • Propagate by seed or bulblets.
  • Culinary uses due to its flavorful leaves and bulbs, are also valued for their ornamental properties in gardens.
  • Generally resistant but watch for onion white rot, mildew, and leaf spot.


Where can Allium ampeloprasum (Wild Leek) be found?

Wild leek thrives in well-drained soil with ample sunlight. It’s commonly found in woodlands, grasslands, and on the edges of fields and roads.

How is Allium ampeloprasum (Wild Leek) used?

The leaves, stalks, and bulbs of wild leek are edible and can be used similarly to onions or garlic in cooking. They are often used in soups, stews, and salads for their robust flavor.

What are the benefits of Allium ampeloprasum (Wild Leek)?

Wild leek is rich in vitamins A and C, as well as minerals like iron and manganese. It has been used traditionally for its potential health benefits, including aiding digestion and boosting the immune system.

How do you cultivate Allium ampeloprasum (Wild Leek)?

Cultivating wild leek requires patience as it grows slowly. Plant the bulbs in autumn in fertile soil with good drainage. Ensure they receive enough water during the growing season but avoid waterlogging.

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