Camellia Sinensis: The Tea Plant

HomePlantsFlowersCamellia Sinensis: The Tea Plant

Author:

Published:

Camellia sinensis, the plant behind the world’s most consumed beverage—tea, is an evergreen shrub that has shaped cultures, economies, and traditions across the globe. This versatile plant is not only central to the production of black, green, oolong, and white teas but also plays a significant role in traditional medicine and modern health research.

Botanical Name
Camellia sinensis
Plant Type
Evergreen shrub or small tree
Family
Theaceae
Height
Usually trimmed to below 2 meters when cultivated
Foliage
Leaves are 4–15 cm long and 2–5 cm broad
Climate
Tropical and subtropical regions
Sun Exposure
Varies, but generally prefers partial shade
Soil Requirements
Acidic, well-drained soil
Hardiness Zones
Varies with cultivar, generally zones 7-9
Flower Color
Yellow-white
Foliage Color
Green
Season Features
Evergreen with seasonal flowering
Special Features
Source of various types of tea
  • The plant has a strong taproot with flowers that are 2.5–4 cm in diameter, featuring seven or eight petals.
  • Its leaves are 4-15 cm long and 2-5 cm broad, containing about 4% caffeine.
  • Propagation is typically through cuttings or seeds to maintain the characteristics of the cultivars.
  • The leaves, leaf buds, and stems are used to produce different varieties of tea, each undergoing varying levels of oxidation to achieve distinct flavors and properties.
  • Common issues include pests like aphids and diseases such as tea blight and root rot.
  • Native to East Asia, the Indian Subcontinent, and Southeast Asia, Camellia sinensis has been cultivated worldwide in tropical and subtropical regions.
  • This species is not known for being toxic, making it a safe choice for gardens.

FAQs

What types of tea can be produced from Camellia Sinensis?

Black, green, oolong and white teas are all derived from this plant.

How is Camellia sinensis cultivated?

It is usually trimmed to below 2 meters and requires acidic, well-drained soil.

What are the health benefits associated with Camellia Sinensis?

The plant’s leaves contain antioxidants and have been linked to various health benefits, including heart health and stress reduction.

Can Camellia sinensis be grown at home?

Yes, with the right climate conditions and care, it can be grown as a garden plant.

What are the main challenges in growing Camellia Sinensis?

Environmental stressors, pests, and diseases can affect the health and yield of the plant.

Let us help you

Our most reliable information, advice, tips & tricks for you and your garden

You agree to our privacy policy and to receive emails from Flower Know How which you can unsubscribe from at any time.

Hello nature

Bring your garden inside your home!

Read More

You Might Also Like

Other Articles

More From Flower Know How