Dwarf Iris (Iris Reticulata)

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Dwarf Iris (Iris reticulata), also known as reticulated iris, netted iris, or simply dwarf iris, is a captivating flowering plant that graces gardens and containers with its delicate beauty. The flowers come in shades of blue, purple, yellow, or white, often with contrasting markings or crests. Have narrow, grass-like foliage that adds texture and interest to the garden.

Botanical Name
Iris reticulata
Family
Iridaceae
Plant Type
Bulbous perennial
Height
Typically grows up to 4 inches (10 cm) tall.
Foliage
Narrow, grass-like leaves emerge at the base of the stem.
Flowers
The delicate blooms come in shades of blue, purple, yellow, or white. Each flower features a striking yellow or white central pattern and emits a sweet fragrance.
Sun Exposure
Prefers full sun to partial sun.
Soil Requirements
Adaptable to various soil types—chalk, clay, loam, or sand.
Blooming Season
From late winter to early spring.
Hardiness Zones
5 through 8.
Climate
Native to Russia, the Caucasus, and northern Iran, it’s a winter-hardy plant.
  • Bees and other early-season pollinators adore these flowers, providing them with valuable food. Fortunately, deer and rabbits tend to avoid this plant.
  • All parts of the plant may cause discomfort if ingested. It’s toxic to cats, dogs, and horses, so handle it with care.
  • Each bulb typically produces a single flower, but the plant can naturalize over time.
  • Dwarf irises can be propagated by division or seed.
  • Adds early-season charm and elegance to your landscape.
  • Ideal for rock gardens, containers, borders, or naturalizing in lawns, also be cut for bouquets or arrangements.
  • Generally not invasive or harmful to the environment.
  • Each flower lasts 3-7 days, with a gradual succession of buds extending the display to around three weeks.
  • Relatively pest and disease-resistant. However, they may be attacked by slugs, snails, aphids, thrips, spider mites, or iris borers. Also suffer from fungal diseases such as leaf spot, root rot, or iris rhizome rot.

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