Iris Flower: Description, Type & Uses

HomePlantsFlowersIris Flower: Description, Type & Uses



The Iris flower, named after the Greek goddess who personified the rainbow, is a group of flowering plants known for their striking beauty and variety. The flower has a unique structure, typically with three petals known as standards and three outer petal-like sepals called falls. The falls often have a beautiful contrasting pattern and may include a beard or crest.

  • Irises can be found in a wide range of habitats, from Europe to North America, and from deserts to wet marshes.
  • Popular in gardens and landscapes for their vibrant colors and elegant appearance. The Iris serves not only as an ornamental plant but also has cultural significance in various societies.
  • It is the national flower of Croatia and the Fleur-de-lis symbol, associated with French royalty, is stylized after the Iris.
  • Like full sun to partial shade and they prefer well-drained soils.
  • They are generally hardy plants but can be affected by iris borer, rhizome rot, and other fungal diseases.
  • Propagation is usually done by dividing the rhizomes or through seeds.
  • Iris symbolizes faith, wisdom, and hope. In Greek mythology, Iris was the messenger of the gods.

How to Plant and Care for Irises in Your Garden?

Imagine strolling through your garden and encountering a burst of colors that seem to dance in the breeze. Irises, with their elegant petals and distinctive forms, can add a touch of magic to any landscape....

Popular Varieties