Lily Flower: Description, Type & Uses

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Lilies, belonging to the genus Lilium, are herbaceous flowering plants that captivate gardeners and enthusiasts alike. With their large, show-stopping blooms, lilies have earned a special place in culture and literature across the globe. The flowers that come in various colors, such as white, yellow, pink, and purple. Lilies are also grown for their medicinal properties or as a source of food.

  • Lilies are herbaceous plants that grow from bulbs or rhizomes. They have long, narrow leaves that are arranged in whorls or spirals along the stem.
  • Lilies defining feature is their spectacular flowers, which come in an array of colors—whites, yellows, oranges, pinks, reds, and purples.
  • The flowers consist of six petal-like segments, forming various shapes: trumpet-like, turban-shaped, or open cups.
  • Some species emit delightful fragrances.
  • Heights vary, ranging from 30 cm (1 foot) to over 2.5 meters (8 feet).
  • Lilies are typically propagated from bulbs. Plant these bulbs in well-draining, porous loamy soil.
  • Lilies can fall victim to pests such as aphids, red lily beetles, and slugs.
  • Gray mold (Botrytis) and lily mosaic virus are common fungal issues.

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