Rosemary: Description, Type & Uses

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Rosemary is a popular herb that has many uses in cooking, medicine, and cosmetics. It belongs to the mint family Lamiaceae, along with other aromatic herbs like oregano, thyme, basil, and lavender, native to the Mediterranean region, where it grows as an evergreen shrub with needle-like leaves and colorful flowers. The name rosemary comes from the Latin ros marinus, meaning “dew of the sea”, because it prefers moist and sunny coastal habitats.

  • Rosemary features slender, needle-like leaves resembling hemlock needles. Its dark green foliage emits a delightful fragrance, excellent for flavoring dishes, both fresh and dried.
  • Clusters of small, light blue to white flowers grace the plant in late spring and early summer.
  • Propagation can be achieved through semi-hardwood cuttings.
  • Rosemary is relatively low-maintenance and requires minimal pruning. Prune lightly to maintain its shape and encourage dense foliage growth.
  • Ideal for low hedges, herb gardens, and waterwise landscapes.
  • Keep an eye out for aphids, mealybugs, whiteflies, spider mites, powdery mildew, or root rots.
  • Rosemary symbolizes remembrance and fidelity. Traditionally used in weddings and funerals.
  • Native to the Mediterranean, but reasonably hardy in cool climates. Special cultivars can withstand winter temperatures down to about −20 °C (−4 °F).

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